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    People Living with HIV/AIDS, 2011: 21 Lakh

    ​People Living with HIV/AIDS, 2011: 21 Lakh

    Number of annual AIDS-related Deaths, 2011: 1.48 Lakh

    ​Number of Annual AIDS-related Deaths, 2011: 1.48 Lakh

    Number of new HIV Infections among adults, 2011: 1.16 Lakh

    ​Number of new HIV Infections among adults, 2011: 1.16 Lakh

    Adult (15–49 years) HIV Prevalence, 2010-11: 0.27 %

    ​Adult (15–49 years) HIV Prevalence, 2010-11: 0.27 %

    HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending ANC clinics, 2010-11: 0.40%

    ​HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending ANC clinics, 2010-11: 0.40%

    New HIV infections, 2009: 0.21 million

    ​New HIV infections, 2009: 0.21 million

    AIDS- related deaths, 2009: 0.72 million

    ​AIDS- related deaths, 2009: 0.72 million

    Women aged 15 and up living with HIV, 2009: 0.88 million

    ​Women aged 15 and up living with HIV, 2009: 0.88 million.

    People living with HIV/AIDS, 2009: 2.4 million

    ​Since the beginning of the epidemic, almost 60 million people have been infected with HIV and 25 million people have died of HIV-related causes.


    In 2008, some 33.4 million [31.1 million-35.8 million] people living with HIV, 2.7 million [2.4 million-3.0 million] new infections and 2 million [1.7 million-2.4 million] AIDS-related deaths.


    In 2008, around 430 000 [240 000-610 000] children were born with HIV, bringing to 2.1 million [1.2 million-2.9 million] the total number of children under 15 living with HIV.


    Young people account for around 40% of all new adult (15+) HIV infections worldwide.


    Sub-Saharan Africa is the region most affected and is home to 67% of all people living with HIV worldwide and 91% of all new infections among children.


    In sub-Saharan Africa the epidemic has orphaned more than 14 million children.

    Population, 2011: 1.21 billion

    India's population rose to 1.21 billion people over the last 10 years--an increase by 181 million, according to the new census released today, but significantly the growth is slower for the first time in nine decades.

    The population, which accounts for world's 17.5 per cent population, comprises 623.7 million males and 586.5 million females, said a provisional 2011 Census report.

    China is the most populous nation accounting for 19.4 per cent of the global population. The country's headcount is almost equal to the combined population of the United States, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together, it said.

    The population has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011, the report said. The growth rate in 2011 is 17.64 per cent in comparison to 21.15 per cent in 2001. The 2001-2011 period is the first decade -- with exception of 1911-1921 -- which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade, Registrar General of India and Census Commissioner of India C Chandramauli said in presence of Home Secretary Gopal K Pillai.

    Among the states and Union territories, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with 199 million people and Lakshadweep the least populated at 64,429. The combined population of UP and Maharashtra is bigger than that of the US. The highest population density is in Delhi's north-east district (37,346 per sq km) while the lowest is in Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh (just one per sq km).

    The Census indicated a continuing preference for male children over female children. The latest child sex ratio in is 914 female against 1,000 male--the lowest since Independence. "This is a matter of grave concern," Chandramauli said.

    According to the data, literates constitute 74 per cent of the total population aged seven and above and illiterates form 26 per cent. The literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 per cent.
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