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ART Treatment-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, KSAPS

Diarrhea in HIV/AIDS-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, KSAPS

Living Positive With HIV Infection-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, KSAPS

Guidelines on Food and Nutrition in HIV-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, KSAPS

Terminal and end of life ​care of clients with HIV/AIDS-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: ​ India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, KSAPS

ART Drug Interaction- Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project, KSAPS

Breast Milk the Best Milk for the Newborn- Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project & KSAPS

Benefits and Risks of Post Exposure Prophylaxis for Occupational Exposure​- Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project & KSAPS

Waste Disposal in HIV-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project & KSAPS

Investigate a Patient for HIV-Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: ​India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project & KSAPS

FAQs on Condom Usage- Fact Sheet

Source Courtesy: India-Canada Collaborative HIV/AIDS Project & KSAPS

A Word With a Friend​- A Flip Book on Sex Work and HIV/AIDS

Souwce Courtesy: KHPT

What Do You Say-Flip Book on Rights of Sexual Minorities

Source Courtesy: KHPT

We are not Like before​- A flip Book for Enabling Environment

Source Courtesy: KHPT

Let Us not Put Off the Light of Tomorrow

Source Courtesy: KHPT

Our Life is in Our Hands- A flip Book in Self Esteem of MSM Community Members

Source Courtesy: KHPT

Many Hands United for Release- Advocacy for Enabling Environment

Source Courtesy: KHPT

Health is Wealth​- IEC material on Kothi

Source Courtesy: ​KHPT

Role of Private Practitioners - Reducing STI Prevalence Amongst Sex Workers in Maharashtra, India

Source Courtesy: Pathfinder International

Practice What You Preach - Learnings From Sex Worker Peer Educators in India

Source Courtesy: Pathfinder International

Navi Pahaat- A Step Towards State Level Sex Woekers' Collectivization in Maharashtra, India

Source Courtesy: Pathfinder International

Is Two Better Than One - A Case Study of Double Condom Use Among Sex Workers in Maharashtra, India

Source Courtesy: Pathfinder International

Hotspot Mobilization Calender-HIV Program Planning Tool for Female Sex Worker Peer Educators

Source Courtesy: Pathfinder International

An assessment of an HIV prevention intervention among people who inject drugs in the states of Manipur and Nagaland, India.

The present study describes an assessment of a large-scale intervention, “Avahan”, using an evaluation framework that assesses the program coverage, changes in injection

Predictors of HIV prevalence among street-based female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh state of India: a district-level analysis.

A decline in HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) has been reported from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh between the two rounds of integrated biological and behavioural assessment (IBBA) surveys in 2005-06 and 2009, the first of these around the time of start of the Avahan HIV prevention intervention. In order to facilitate further planning of FSW interventions, we report the factors associated with HIV prevalence among street-based FSWs.

Patterns of condom use by men who have sex with men before and after Avahan intervention in Andhra Pradesh state of India

Two rounds of integrated biological and behavioural assessment (IBBA) surveys were done among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Andhra Pradesh during 2006 and 2009. Avahan, the India AIDS initiative, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation implemented HIV prevention interventions among MSM starting around the time of the first round of IBBA.

Increase in condom use and decline in prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among high-risk men who have sex with men and transgendered persons in Maharashtra, India: Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative

Data from Avahan’s computerized management information system; two rounds of integrated behavioral and biological assessment (IBBA) surveys (Round 1 with 653 HR-MSM/TG and Round 2 with 652 HR-MSM/TG); and project-supported condom social marketing was used for the present analysis. Logistic regression models were used to assess changes in key indicators over these two rounds and to explore the association between exposure to Avahan interventions and condom use and STI prevalence in HR-MSM/TG

The cost effectiveness of HIV prevention for high risk groups at scale An economic evaluation of the Avahan programme in South India

Avahan is a large-scale, HIV preventive intervention, targeting high-risk populations in south India. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of Avahan to inform global and national funding institutions who are considering investing in worldwide HIV prevention in concentrated epidemics.

An Appraisal of Sexual Behaviors, STI/HIV Prevalence, and HIV Prevention Programs among Truckers in India: A Critical Literature Review.

A systematic review portraying the changing pattern of sexual behaviors, STI and HIV prevalence and key strategies curb HIV and STI among truckers in India is lacking. This paper therefore aims to present a chronological review of literature regarding sexual behaviors, STI/HIV prevalence, and various HIV prevention programs implemented among truckers in India.

Intimate relationships of Devadasi sex workers in South India: An exploration of risks of HIV/STI transmission.

Global literature on female sex workers suggests that being in an intimate relationship is associated with barriers to practising safe sex behaviours. Condom use within intimate relationships is often seen as a sign of infidelity and fosters mistrust which could affect longevity, trust and intimacy within partnerships. Using qualitative data from Devadasi sex workers and their intimate male partners in Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India, we examined both partners' perspectives to understand the quality and dynamics of these relationships and the factors that influence condom use in intimate relationships.

The costs of scaling up HIV prevention for high risk groups: lessons learned from the Avahan programme in India

This study is one of the most comprehensive studies of the costs of HIV prevention for high-risk groups to date in both its scope and size. HIV prevention included outreach, sexually transmitted infections (STI) services, condom provision, expertise enhancement, community mobilisation and enabling environment activities.

Perspectives on condom breakage: A qualitative study of female sex workers in Bangalore, India

A qualitative study was conducted to obtain a detailed understanding of two key determinants of condom breakage – ‘rough sex’ and poor condom fit – identified in a recent telephone survey of female sex workers, in Bangalore, India. Transcripts from six focus-group discussions involving 35 female sex workers who reported condom breakage during the telephone survey were analysed.

Optimal Allocation of Resources in Female Sex Worker Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions: Model Insights from Avahan in South India

Our analysis suggests that tailoring the design of HIV prevention programmes for FSWs can improve impact, and that a certain level of resources are required to achieve demonstrable impact. These insights are critical for optimising the use of limited resources for preventing HIV

Undiagonised HIV among people who inject drugs in Manipur India

Manipur is a geographically isolated state of India characterised by a high HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID). A low-to-moderate lifetime rate of HIV testing has been documented amongst PWID in Manipur. Little is known about the extent of undiagnosed HIV in this setting and whether uptake of HIV testing (and knowledge of a positive diagnosis) leads HIV-positive PWID to change their risk behaviours.

Towards a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention for FSW

Most HIV prevention for female sex workers (FSWs) focuses on individual behaviour change involving peer educators, condom promotion and the provision of sexual health services. However, there is a growing recognition of the need to address broader societal, contextual and structural factors contributing to FSW risk behaviour.

Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Practices among

he objectives of this study are to develop a summary measure of risky sexual practice and examine the factors associated with this among female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka, India.he objectives of this study are to develop a summary measure of risky sexual practice and examine the factors associated with this among female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka, India.

Influence of customised demand generation as a strategy to increase uptake of VCT services amongst

To  demonstrate that customized demand generation leads to increased voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) among Sex Workers (SWs). Methods: FHI 360 Aastha implemented Vivek intervention among SWs in Mumbai and Thane, India using customized demand generation through outreach services for VCT.

Sexual Partner mixing and differential in condom use among MSM

Sexual partner mixing among men who have sex with men (MSM), based on both gender and partnership status, is an understudied theme in India. Using data from Round 2 of the Integrated Bio-behavioral Survey, this paper reports on gender and partnership status-based sexual mixing and levels of consistent condom use (CCU) among MSM in Maharashtra.

Multiple Sexual Partners and Vulnerability

Globally, research indicates that monogamous married women living in slums are at heightened risk of HIV men’s risky sexual behaviour. Hence, to reduce the risk of HIV transmission, there is need to understand the number, nature and variation in transition of sexual partners of men in living in slums.

Circular labor migration and HIV in India

The emerging human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in rural areas of India are hypothesized to be linked to circular migrants who are introducing HIV from destination areas where the prevalence of HIV infection is highest.

HIV risks vary according to type of sex work in a cross sectional study

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a significant problem among female sex workers (FSWs) in Nagaland, India. Place of solicitation and sex vary considerably in this context. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between categories of sex work and HIV risks.

HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in India national scenario of an unfinished agenda

Although India has demonstrated success in the overall reduction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence by 57% in the past 10 years, its control among men who have sex with men (MSM) remains a critical challenge. This paper describes the current status, geographic variability, and factors associated with HIV among MSM from the national perspective.

Sex workers in HIV prevention from social change agents to peer educators.

We utilised a comparative ethnographic approach to study the implementation of a community mobilisation intervention addressing HIV risk among female sex workers (FSWs) in India, as implemented first by an non-governmental organisation and after oversight of the intervention was transitioned to the government.

Strengthening government management capacity to scale up HIV prevention programs through the use of Technical Support Units

Scaling up HIV prevention programming among key populations (female sex workers and men who have sex with men) has been a central strategy of the Government of India. However, state governments have lacked the technical and managerial capacity to oversee and scale up interventions or to absorb donor-funded programs.

Investing in Communities: Evaluating the Added Value of Community Mobilization on HIV Prevention Outcomes among FSWs in India

Diversity among clients of FSWs in India

It seems generally accepted that targeted interventions in India have been successful in raising condom use between female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients. Data from clients of FSWs have been underutilised to analyse the risk environments and vulnerability of both partners.

Evaluating esstial STI service package for FSW and MSM in India

An appraisal of sexual behaviors STI HIV prevalence and HIV prevention programs among truckers in India A critical literature review.

A systematic review portraying the changing pattern of sexual behaviors, STI and HIV prevalence and key strategies curb HIV and STI among truckers in India is lacking. This paper therefore aims to present a chronological review of literature regarding sexual behaviors, STI/HIV prevalence, and various HIV prevention programs implemented among truckers in India. Methodology: Published and unpublished studies (1990-2011) were identified through electronic databases, and hand searching.

A Probability Model for estimating the force of transmission

Information on force of transmission of HIV infection is crucial for better understanding of the epidemic. It is useful for better programme planning and evaluation. The current study aims at fitting probabilistic models for estimating the force of transmission of HIV infection due to different risk behaviour, heterosexual, homosexual, IDUs. The force oftransmission between the risk groups bridging the infection is obtained as the joint probability function of the growth probabilities of HIV positivity over time among them.

Intimate relationships of devadasi sex workers in South India

Global literature on female sex workers suggests that being in an intimate relationship is associated with barriers to practising safe sex behaviours. Condom use within intimate relationships is often seen as a sign of infidelity and fosters mistrust which could affect longevity, trust and intimacy within partnerships.

Exposure to pornographic videos and its effect on HIV related sexual

Research on pornography and its association with HIV-related sexualbehaviours is limited in India. This study aims to examine the prevalence and correlates of viewing pornographic videos and examine its associations with HIVrelated sexual risk behaviours among male migrant workers in India.

HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in India

While HIV prevalence among MSM at the national level is declining, it continues to remain high in some states and cities. Programs need to build on the successes in reducing HIV among female sex workers in order to control the high HIV prevalence among MSM in India.

Inconsistent condom use by male clients during anal intercourse with occasional and regular female sex workers:

Self-reported anal intercourse by female sex workers (FSWs) documented in recent studies from India range between 11.9% and 22%. However, comparable data on anal intercourse and condom use from male clients of FSWs is lacking. Using data from a bio-behavioural survey (2009-2010), we examined prevalence of anal intercourse, male clients' self-reported inconsistent condom use during anal intercourse with FSWs.

An Appraisal of Sexual Behaviors

A systematic review portraying the changing pattern of sexual behaviors, STI and HIV   prevalence and key strategies curb HIV and STI among truckers in India is lacking. This paper therefore aims to present a chronological review of literature regarding sexual behaviors, STI/HIV prevalence, and various HIV prevention programs implemented among truckers in India. Methodology:   Published and unpublished studies (1990-2011) were identified through electronic databases,and hand searching.

Documentation of HIV prevention research and programmatic learnings from India Volume 2

Selected peer reviewed journal articles and key highlights 2013-14  Volume 2

Documentation of HIV prevention research and programmatic learnings from India Volume 2

Selected peer reviewed journal articles and key highlights 2013-14: Volume 2

An Appraisal of Sexual Behaviors, STI/HIV

A systematic review portraying the changing pattern of sexual behaviors, STI and HIV prevalence and key strategies curb HIV and STI among truckers in India is lacking.

Condom use within non-commercial partnerships of female sex workers in southern India

Although female sex workers (FSWs) report high levels of condom use with commercial sex clients, particularly after targeted HIV preventive interventions have been implemented, condom use is often low with non-commercial partners.

HIV risk behaviors among injecting drug users in Northeast India following scale-up of a targeted HIV prevention program

In the Northeast Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland there has been an ongoing HIV epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs) since the mid-1990s. Project ORCHID is an Avahan-funded HIV prevention project that has been working in selected districts of Manipur and Nagaland since 2004. It supports local partner non-government organisations (NGOs) to deliver a range of harm reduction interventions, and currently reaches approximately 14,500 IDUs across the two states.

A dose-response relationship between exposure to a large-scale HIV preventive intervention and consistent condom use with different sexual partners of female sex workers in south India

The Avahan Initiative, a large-scale HIV preventive intervention targeted to high-risk populations including female sex workers (FSWs), was initiated in 2003 in six high-prevalence states in India, including Karnataka. This study assessed if intervention exposure was associated with condom use with FSWs’ sexual partners, including a dose-response relationship.

Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?

Recent studies of male migrants in India indicate that those who are infected with HIV are spreading the epidemic from high risk populations in high prevalence areas to populations in low prevalence areas. In this context, migrant men are believed to initiate and have risky sexual behaviors in places of destination and not in places of origin.

Prevalence of and knowledge , attitude and practices towards HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) in Andhra Pradesh.

As part of the baseline survey carried out during 2005-06, biological and behavioural data were generated on about 3200 female sex workers (FSWs), from eight districts of Andhra Pradesh (AP), India.

Sustainability of donor programs: evaluating and informing the transition of a large HIV prevention programming in India to local ownership

Sustainability is the holy grail of many development projects, yet there is limited evidence about strategies that effectively support transition of programs from donor funding to national governments. The first phase of Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (2003-2009), aimed to demonstrate an HIV/AIDS prevention program at scale, primarily targeted at high-risk groups.

Polling booth surveys: a novel approach for reducing social desirability bias in HIV-related behavioural surveys in resource-poor settings.

This study compared rates of HIV-related sexual risk behaviours reported in individual face-to-face (FTFI) and group anonymous polling booth (PBS) interviews in India. In PBS, respondents grouped by gender and marital status answered yes/no questions by putting tokens with question numbers in colour-coded containers.

Police-related Experiences and HIV Risk among Female Sex Workers in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Research suggests experiences with police are related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sexual risk among women working as sex workers. However, little is known about the links between specific police-related behaviors and HIV vulnerability.

Male migration/mobility and HIV among married couples: Cross–sectional analysis of nationally representative data from India

This paper examines the associations between male migration and mobility with HIV among married couples in India. Cross-sectional analyses of a nationally representative household survey conducted across all 29 states of India from 2005 to 2006 via the National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) included a subsample of 27,771 married couples who were tested for HIV as a part of their participation.

Indicators of Mobility, Socio-Economic Vulnerabilities and HIV Risks among Mobile Female Sex workers (FSWs) in India.

This paper examines the relationship between indicators of mobility, socio-economic vulnerabilities, and HIV risk behaviours among 5,498 mobile female sex workers (FSWs) living in the four high HIV prevalencestates in India.

History of sex trafficking, recent experiences of violence, and HIV vulnerability among sex workers in coastal Andhra Pradesh, India

To estimate the prevalence of sex trafficking as a mode of entry into sex work, and to examine associations between sex trafficking and recent violence experiences and HIV vulnerability among female sex workers (FSWs).

Motivations for entry into sex work and HIV risk among mobile female sex workers in India

This paper assesses the reasons for entry into sex work and its association with HIV risk behaviours among mobile female sex workers (FSWs) in India. Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 22 districts across four high HIV prevalence states in India during 2007–2008.

Opioid substitution therapy in resource-poor settings

Approximately 10% of new HIV infections worldwide are attributable to injecting drug use, often of an opiate such as heroin.1 Opioid substitution therapy supplies illicit drug users with a replacement drug, a prescribed medicine such as methadone or buprenorphine, which is usually administered orally in a supervised clinical setting.

The role of housing in determining HIV risk among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India: Considering women's life contexts.

Recent research on HIV prevention, regardless of the population, has increasingly recognized the relevance of contextual factors in determining HIV risk. Investigating such factors among female sex workers (FSW) is especially relevant in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where HIV rates are among the highest across Indian states and where HIV has largely affected FSW.

Modelling the interactions between herpes simplex virus type-2 and HIV: implications for the HIV epidemic in southern India.

The role of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in the HIV epidemic and the potential impact of HSV-2 suppressive therapy have previously been explored only within the context of sub-Saharan Africa.

High-risk sex among mobile female sex workers in the context of jatras (religious festivals) in Karnataka, India

Jatras (religious festivals) represent venues for female sex workers (FSWs) to meet potential clients in an environment of anonymity. Data from a survey conducted among 1499 mobile FSWs in Karnataka, India were analysed using bivariate and multivariate analysis.

Factors associated with numbers of client partners of female sex workers across five districts in south India

This study investigated the structural-environmental and individual-level social factors associated with the numbers of commercial sex clients of female sex workers (FSWs) per month (CPM).

Life circumstances of women entering sex work in Nagaland, north-east India

The study objective was to enhance understanding of female sex workers' lives in Nagaland, India (one of the country's highest HIV prevalence states), to inform the development of interventions to reduce HIV transmission and assist women who want to leave sex work.

Quantifying HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse for heterosexuals and men who have sex with men: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infectiousness of anal intercourse (AI) has not been systematically reviewed, despite its role driving HIV epidemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its potential contribution to heterosexual spread.

Etiology and determinants of sexually transmitted infections in Karnataka state, south India

Syndromic case management remains the cornerstone for STI (sexually transmitted infection) treatment in many countries. We undertook this study to better understand the etiology of STIs in adults in south India and to inform STI management guidelines.

Injecting Drug Use and HIV in North-East India – Negotiating a Public Health Response in a Complex Environment

The northeast Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland are characterized by longstanding and sometimes violent civil insurgence, tribalism and religious conservatism. A number of conflicts are being played out in these two states between insurgent groups and the Indian military, rival insurgent groups and different tribal groups.

Pathways to sex work in Nagaland, India: implications for community mobilization

There are an estimated 1800-3500 sex-workers in Dimapur, the commercial capital of Nagaland, which is the second-highest HIV prevalence state in India. The HIV prevalence among these sex-workers has increased from 4.4% in 2004 to 16.4% in 2006, highlighting their vulnerability.

Sexual identity and its contribution to MSM risk behaviour in Bangalaru (Bangalore), India: the results of a two-stage cluster sampling survey

In India, there are categories of MSM (hijras, kothis, double-deckers, panthis and bisexuals), which are generally associated with different HIV-risk behaviors. Our objective was to quantify differences across MSM identities (n = 357) and assess the extent they conform to typecasts that prevail in policy-orientated discourse.

Dynamic modeling of Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 (HSV-2) Transmission: Issues in Structural Uncertainty

The sexually transmitted infection (STI) Herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) is of public health concern because it is a very common frequently unrecognized lifelong infection, which may facilitate HIV transmission. Within HIV/STI modeling, structural uncertainty has received less attention than parametric uncertainty. By merging the compartments of a "complex" model, a "simple" HSV-2 model is developed.

On becoming a male sex worker in Mysore: sexual subjectivity, "empowerment," and community-based HIV prevention research

Growing public health attention has been placed on the HIV vulnerability of males who sell sex to males in India. However, there is little research that outlines the trajectories through which males come to be involved in practicing sex work in India. Locating "male sex work" within a vibrant social, political, and erotic landscape, this article explores the intertwining of "sexual subjectivity" and "sex work."

Can sex workers regulate police? Learning from an HIV prevention project for sex workers in southern India

There is an argument that policing practices exacerbate HIV risk, particularly for female sex workers. Interventions that mobilize sex workers to seek changes in laws and law enforcement practices have been prominent in India and have received considerable scholarly attention. Yet, there are few studies on the strategies sex worker advocates use to modify police behavior or the struggles they face in challenging state institutions.

Prevalence and determinants of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in a general population-based sample in Mysore district, Karnataka state, southern India

To estimate HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence within the general population of Mysore district, and to examine differences in the distribution of risk factors associated with HIV prevalence stratified by sex.

Key components in planning, implementing and monitoring a behavior change communication

India is home to nearly 10% of all people living with HIV worldwide or approximately 2.5 million people. The primary mode of HIV transmission in India is heterosexual commercial sex. In conjunction with the Avahan India AIDS Initiative, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Population Services International (PSI) developed and implemented an intervention to reduce HIV incidence, in part by increasing consistent condom use among heterosexual male commercial sex clients in southern India. The project focused on 100 "high priority" towns in the provinces of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. The intervention targeted heterosexual male commercial sex clients of low socio-economic status in the high priority towns. Communication activities focused on interpersonal methods, such as street plays, contests, and group discussions. The project was largely successful in meeting its objective. Clients of commercial sex workers increased their reported consistent condom use during commercial sex from a baseline of 63% in May 2006 to 81% in May 2007 following the intervention. This 18% increase is strongly correlated with exposure to PSI's communication activities (p<0.01), and indicates a high level of achievement as compared to other voluntary behavior change communications campaigns. - See more at: http://www.popline.org/node/203248#sthash.cwq9HdoL.dpuf

Polling booth surveys: a novel approach for reducing social desirability bias in HIV-related behavioural surveys in resource-poor settings.

This study compared rates of HIV-related sexual risk behaviours reported in individual face-to-face (FTFI) and group anonymous polling booth (PBS) interviews in India. In PBS, respondents grouped by gender and marital status answered yes/no questions by putting tokens with question numbers in colour-coded containers. Data were subsequently collated for each group as a whole, so responses were not traceable back to individuals. Male and female PBS participants reported substantially higher rates of pre-marital, extra-marital, commercial and anal sex than FTFI participants; e.g. 11 vs. 2% married males reported paying for sex; 6 vs. 1% unmarried males reported homosexual anal sex.

Determinants of condom breakage among female sex workers in Karnataka, India

Janet Bradley1,2*, S Rajaram1,3, Michel Alary1,2, Shajy Isac3, Reynold Washington3,4, Stephen Moses3,4, BM Ramesh3,4

Heading towards the Safer Highways- an assessment of the Avahan prevention programme among long distance truck drivers in India

Arvind Pandey1*, Ram Manohar Mishra2, Damodar Sahu1,Sudhir Kumar Benara1, Uttpal Sengupta1, Ramesh S Paranjape3, Abhishek Gautam4, Satya Ranjan Lenka4, Rajatshurva Adhikary4

Factors associated with HIV among female sex workers in a high HIV prevalent state of India

Gajendra Kumar Medhia*, Jagadish Mahantaa, Ramesh S. Paranjapeb, Rajatashuvra Adhikaryc, Nabjyoti Laskara & P. Ngullyd

Rescue and Rehabilitation: A critical analysis of sex workers’ anti-trafficking response in India

Veronica Magar Signs Vol. 37, No. 3 (Spring 2012), pp. 619-644

Knowing your HIV/AIDS epidemic and tailoring an effective response: how did India do it?

Sema K Sgaier1,  Mariam Claeson2,  Charles Gilks3,  Banadakoppa M Ramesh4, Peter D Ghys5,  Alkesh Wadhwani1,  Aparajita Ramakrishnan1,  Annie Tangri1, Chandramouli K6

The extent and nature of fluidity in typologies of female sex work in southern India: Implications for HIV prevention programs

Anrudh K. Jain PhD a & Niranjan Saggurti PhD b

Sex-worker led structural interventions in India: a case study on addressing violence in HIV prevention through the Ashodaya Samithi collective in Mysore

Reza-Paul S1, Lorway R, O'Brien N, Lazarus L, Jain J, Bhagya M, Fathima Mary P, Venukumar KT, Raviprakash KN, Baer J, Steen R.

Increasing access and ownership of clinical services at an HIV prevention project for sex workers in Mysore, India

Dixon V1, Reza-Paul S, D'Souza FM, O'Neil J, O'Brien N, Lorway R.

Factors associated with history of drug use among female sex workers (FSW) in a high prevalence state in India

Gajendra Kumar Medhi16*, Jagadish Mahanta1, Michelle Kermode2, Ramesh S Paranjape3, Rajatashuvra Adhikary4, Sanjib Kumar Phukan1 and P Ngully5

Rates and determinants of mortality among rural female sex workers in northern Karnataka, India

Becker ML1, Mishra S, Satyanarayana, Gurav K, Doshi M, Buzdugan R, Pise G, Halli S, Moses S, Avery L, Washington RG, Blanchard JF.

Migration/mobility and risk factors for HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India: implications for HIV Prevention

HIV epidemic appraisals for assisting the design of effective HIV prevention programmes: Shifting the paradigm back to basics

Sharmistha Mishra1,2, Sema K. Sgaier3, Laura H. Thompson4,Stephen Moses4, B. M. Ramesh5, Michel Alary6, David Wilson7,    James F. Blanchard4*

Gender relations and risks of HIV transmission in South India: the discourse of female sex workers clients

Mauriceab*, Michèle Clémentac, Janet Bradleyde, Catherine M. Lowndesdf, Kaveri Guravg & Michel Alarybd

The feasibility of using mobile phone technology for sexual behavior research in a population vulnerable to HIV: a prospective survey with female sex workers in South India

Janet Bradley , B.M. Ramesh , S. Rajaram , Anil Lobo , Kaveri Gurav , Shajy Isac , G. Chandra, Shekhar Gowda , R. Pushpalatha , Stephen Moses , Kumar D.R. Sunil & Michel Alary (2012) The feasibility of usingmobile phone technology for sexual behaviour research in a population vulnerable to HIV: A prospective survey with female sex workers in South India, AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 24:6, 695-703, DOI:

Exploring dynamics of anal sex among female sex worker in Andhra Pradesh.

Saroj Tucker, Rama Krishna, Parimi Prabhakar, Swarup Panyam, and Pankaj Anand

Female sex worker client behaviors lead to condom breakage: a prospective telephone-based survey in Bangalore, South India

Janet Bradley,  S. Rajaram,  Stephen Moses, G. Chandrashekhar Gowda,  R. Pushpalatha,  B. M. Ramesh,  Shajy Isac,  Marie-Claude Boily,  Anil Lobo,  Hareesh Gowda,

Why do condoms break? A study of female sex workers in Bangalore, south India

Motherhood and HIV risk among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India: the need to consider women’s life context.

E. Reed,  J. G. Silverman,  B. Stein,  J. T. Erausquin,  M. Biradavolu,  A. Rosenberg,  K. M. Blankenship

Successes and Challenges of HIV Prevention in men who have sex with men.

Dr Patrick S Sullivan PhD a , Prof Alex Carballo-Diéguez PhD b, Prof Thomas Coates PhD c, Steven M Goodreau PhD d, Prof Ian McGowan MD e, Eduard J Sanders PhD f g, Adrian Smith MBBS g, Prabuddhagopal Goswami BSc h, Jorge Sanchez MD i

Factors associated with sexual violence against men who have sex with men and transgendered individuals in Karnataka, India

Conversation and Compliance: The Role of Interpersonal Discussion and Social Norms in Public Communication Campaigns

HIV Risk Behaviors among Female Sex Workers Using Cell Phone for Client Solicitation in India

Changing Epidemiology of HIV in Mumbai: An Application of the Asian Epidemic Model

Navigating the swampy lowland: a framework for evaluating the effect of community mobilization in female sex workers in Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative

Learning about scale, measurement and community mobilisation: Reflections on the implementation of the Avahan HIV/AIDS Initiative in India

Design of Community Ownership and Preparedness Index: using data to inform the capacity development of community based organizations

Monitoring community mobilisation and organizational capacity among high-risk groups in a large-scale HIV prevention programme in India: Selected findings using a Community Ownership and Preparedness Index

Personal, inter-personal and structural challenges to accessing HIV testing, treatment and care services among female sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgenders in Karnataka state, South India

Trends in condom use among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India: The impact of a community mobilization intervention

Risk reduction and perceived collective efficacy and community support among female sex workers in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India: the importance of context

Mobilising community collectivisation among female sex workers to promote STI service utilisation from the government healthcare system in Andhra Pradesh, India

How effective is community mobilization in HIV prevention among highly diverse and mobile sex workers in urban settings? The Aastha experience in Mumbai and Thane districts, India

Community mobilization program for female sex workers in coastal Andhra Pradesh, India. Processes and their effects

Community advocacy groups as a means to address the social environment of female sex workers: A case study in Andhra Pradesh, India

Structural stigma, sex work and HIV: contradictions and lessons learned from a community-led structural intervention in southern India

Vulnerability re-assessed: the changing face of sex work in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh

The association between adolescent entry into the trucking industry and risk of HIV among long distance truck drivers in India

Is HIV prevalence declining in southern India? Evidence from two rounds of general population surveys in Bagalkot District, Karnataka

Impact of an HIV Prevention Intervention on Condom Use among Long Distance Truck Drivers in India

Anal sex and associated HIV-related sexual risk factors among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

Alcohol Use and STI among Men in India: Evidences from a National Household Survey

Understanding out-migration among female sex workers in South India

Genital Ulcer Disease in India: Etiologies and performance of current syndrome guidelines

Self-identity, sexual practices and sexually transmitted infections among high-risk men who have sex with men attending clinics in urban India

Psychosocial Correlates of HIV-related Sexual Risk Factors among Male Clients in Southern India

Relationship between mobility, violence, and HIV/STI among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh India

Meeting the needs of women who use drugs and alcohol in North-east India – a challenge for HIV prevention Service

The Integrated Behavioral & Biological Assessments – Tool for analysis and evaluation of trends in HIV epidemic

Decline in unprotected sex & sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers from repeated behavioural and biological surveys in three southern states in India

. Index based mapping of high risk behaviors for HIV among female sex workers in India

Spatial modeling of HIV prevalence among the clients of female sex workers in Tamil Nadu, South India

Sexual activity as risk factor for HCV transmission among female sex workers in Nagaland

Recruitment of at-risk populations through network-based sampling: experiences from Maharashtra IBBA round-I survey

Heterosexual risk behavior among long distance truck drivers in India: Role of marital status

An exploratory analysis of spatial mobility of injection drug used in the northeast regions of India

The Female Sex Work Industry in a District in India in the Context of HIV Prevention

Factors associated with ever testing among injecting drug users (IDUs) in two HIV high prevalent States of India

Exploring the role of community based peer support in improving access to care and antiretroviral treatment for sex workers in Mysore, India

Sex trafficking, physical and sexual violence, and HIV risk among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

Understanding the association between injecting and sexual risk behaviours of injecting drug users in Manipur and Nagaland, India

Population-level impact of Avahan in Karnataka state, south India using multi-level statistical modeling

Male migrants’ non-spousal sexual partnerships in the place of origin: an in-depth investigation in two rural settings of India

Evaluating the McDonald’s business model for HIV prevention among truckers to improve program coverage and service utilization in India, 2004–2010

HIV prevention: Towards a ‘structural plus’ approach

The association between noncommercial partnerships and risk of HIV among female sex workers: Evidences from a cross-sectional behavioral and biological survey in southern India

Crisis interventional efforts among sex workers in Tamil Nadu. Intl Journal of Law, Psychology and Human Life

Falling through the cracks: a qualitative study of HIV risks among women who use drugs and alcohol in Northeast India

Alteration in sample preparation to increase yield of multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay for the diagnosis of genital ulcer disease

Detection of N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis infection using urine sample from symptomatic high-risk women by APTIMA Combo2 assay

Community mobilization, empowerment and HIV prevention among female sex workers in south India

How costly is safe sex? An economic analysis of the sex market in India

Consistent condom use with regular, paying, and casual male partners and associated factors among men who have sex with men in Tamil Nadu, India findings from an assessment of a large-scale HIV prevention program

Scale-up of a comprehensive harm reduction programme for people injecting opioids: lessons from north-eastern India

Factors Associated with Risky Sexual Practices among Female Sex Workers in Karnataka, India

Community collectivization and its association with selected outcomes among female sex workers and high-risk men who have sex with men/transgenders in Andhra Pradesh, India

Understanding the role of peer group membership in reducing HIV-related risk and vulnerability among female sex workers in Karnataka, India

Degree and correlates of sexual mixing in female sex workers in Karnataka, India

Analyzing the sources and nature of influence: how the Avahan program used evidence to influence HIV/AIDS prevention policy in India

Exposure to HIV prevention programmes associated with improved condom use and uptake of HIV testing by female sex workers in Nagaland, Northeast India

Violence and HIV risk among female sex workers in Southern India

An assessment of a large-scale HIV prevention programme for high-risk men who have sex with men and transgenders in Andhra Pradesh, India: using data from routine programme monitoring and repeated cross-sectional surveys

Positive impact of a large-scale HIV prevention program among FSWs and clients in Karnataka state, India

Integrating syphilis screening into a large-scale HIV prevention program for key populations – the Avahan experience from India

Management characteristics of successful public health programs: “Avahan,” an HIV prevention program in India

Female sex work interventions and changes in HIV and syphilis infection risk from 2003 to 2008 in India: a repeated cross-sectional study

High rates of reinfection and incidence of bacterial sexually transmitted infections in a cohort of female sex workers from two Indian cities: need for different STI control strategies?

How the Avahan HIV Prevention Program Transitioned from the Gates Foundation to the Government of India

Informal confidential voting interviewing in a sexual risk assessment of men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgenders (hijra) in Bangalore, India

HIV incidence from the first population-based cohort study in India

Beyond internalized stigma: daily moralities and subjectivity among self-identified kothis in Karnataka, South India

Syphilis infection among female sex workers in Nagaland, Northeast India: analyzing their vulnerability to the infection

Differences between Seven Measures of Self-Reported Numbers of Clients of Female Sex Workers in Southern India: Implications for Individual- and Population-Level Analysis

Alcohol and condom use among HIV positive and HIV negative female sex workers in Nagaland, India

HIV prevention at scale. Has it worked. Evaluation of the impact of the Avahan programme in South India

Investing in Communities: Evaluating the Added Value of Community Mobilization on HIV Prevention Outcomes among FSWs in India

A cross-sectional study of sexually transmitted pathogen prevalence and condom use with commercial and noncommercial sex partners among clients of female sex workers in southern India

Increasing condom use and declining STI prevalence among high-risk MSM and TGs: evaluation of a large scale prevention program in Tamil Nadu, India

An exploration of elevated HIV and STI risk among male sex workers from India

Role of Community Group Exposure in Reducing Sexually Transmitted Infection Related Risk among Female Sex Workers in India

Assessing outcomes of large-scale public health interventions in the absence of baseline data using a mixture of Cox and logistic regressions

Association Between Alcohol Use and HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behaviors Among men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): Findings from a Multi-Site Bio-Behavioral Survey In India

Role of a community-to-community learning strategy in the institutionalization of community mobilization among female sex workers in India

Risk of HIV transmission from male injecting drug users to their intimate female partners in north-east India

Non-paying partnerships and its association with HIV risk behavior, program exposure and service utilization among female sex workers in India

The effect of pattern of mobility on sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection: A cross sectional study of men who have sex with men in southern India

Confidentiality, Privacy, and Respect: Experiences of Female Sex Workers Participating in HIV Research in Andhra Pradesh, India

Effect of public-private partnership in treatment of sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

Who mixes with whom among men who have sex with men? Implication for modelling the HIV epidemic in southern India

Exploring the population-level impact of antiretroviral treatment: the influence of baseline intervention context

Increased HIV prevention program coverage and decline in HIV prevalence among female sex workers in south India

Non Disclosure of Violence among Female Sex Workers. Evidence from a Large Scale Cross Sectional Survey in India

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy and Its Effect on Survival of HIV Infected Individuals in Jharkhand India

Research in India has extensively examined the factors associated with non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) with limited focus on examining the relationship between adherence to ART regimen and survival status ofHIV infected patients. This study examines the effect of optimal adherence to ART on survival status of HIV infected patients attending ART centers in Jharkhand, India.

Development and pilot testing of HIV screening

The objectives of this paper are: (1) to study the feasibility and relative benefits of integrating the prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) component of the National AIDS Control Program with the maternal and child health component of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) by offering HIV screening at the primary healthcare level; and (2) to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio to understand whether the costs are commensurate with the benefits.

Effect of peer led outreach activities on injecting risk behavior among male drug users in Haryana, India

For the past two decades, there has been an enduring HIV epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs) in India, and the Indian national AIDS control program (NACP) led by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) has kept IDUs at the forefront along with other key populations, in its efforts to prevent HIV. Given this, the objective of this study is to examine the association between IDUs’ degree of exposure to peer-led education sessions (under NACP) and their needle sharing practices in Haryana, India.Jain B, Krishnan S, Ramesh S, Sabarwal S, Dhingra N, Garg V Harm Reduction Journal 11:3; 2014

Can self-report of STI symptoms and condom non-use be used as valid predictors of STI prevalence among men who have sex with men? Evidences from India

N Karikalan, Sheela Godbole, Lakshmi Ramakrishnan, Mandar K. Mainkar, Sowmya Ramesh, Deepika Ganju, Ramesh S Paranjape Journal of AIDS and Clinical Research 2013; 4: 212

Are Female Sex Workers Able to Negotiate Condom Use with Male Clients? The Case of Mobile FSWs in Four High HIV Prevalence States in India.

Condom promotion among female sex workers (FSWs) is a key intervention in India's National AIDS Control Program. However, there is limited understanding of how FSWs negotiate condom use with male clients, particularly in the context of their mobility for sex work. The objective of this study is to examine the factors associated with the mobile FSWs' ability to refuse unsafe sex and successfully negotiate condom use with unwilling male clients.​ Bharat S, Mahapatra B, Roy S, Saggurti N. PLoS One 2013; 8: e68043.

Addressing vulnerabilities of female sex workers in an HIV prevention intervention in Mumbai and Thane: experiences from the Aastha project

Virupax ranebennur, Amrita Bhende, Sowmya Ramesh, Sanjeev Singh Gaikwad. Journal of HIV/AIDS Research and Palliative Care. 2014: 6, 9-18

Journal information list

This documents provides a list of national and international journals

Opioid substitution therapy in manipur and nagaland, north-east india: operational research in action

Gregory Armstrong, Michelle Kermode, Charan Sharma, Biangtung Langkham, Nick Crofts   Harm Reduction Journal 2010, 7:29

Meeting the needs of women who use drugs and alcohol in North-east India – a challenge for HIV prevention Service

Michelle Kermode, Chinzaning H Songput, Collins Z Sono, Temjen N Jamir and Alex Devine BMC Public Health 2012, 12:825 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-825

Alcohol and sexual risk behavior among mobile female sex workers and migrant men in districts with high in-migrations from four high HIV prevalence states in India

AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug;14 Suppl 1:S31-9. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9731-y   Verma RK, Saggurti N, Singh AK, Swain SN

Understanding the association between injecting and sexual risk behaviors of injecting drug users in Manipur and Nagaland, India

Suohu K, Humtsoe C, Saggurti N, Sabarwal S, Mahapatra B, Kermode M    Harm Reduct J. 2012 Dec 18;9:40. doi: 10.1186/1477-7517-9-40

Sex in the city: privacy-making practices, spatialized intimacies and the environmental risks of men-who-have-sex-with-men in South India

Lorway R, Hwang SD, Reza-Paul S, Pasha A, Rahman SH, Moses S, Blanchard J    Health Place. 2011 Sep;17(5):1090-7. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.05.015. Epub 2011 Jun 13

HIV prevention: Towards a “structural-plus” approach

Indrani Gupta, William Joe, Shalini Rudra / Health 5 (2013) 102-108

Knowing your HIV/AIDS epidemic and tailoring an effective response: how did India do it?

Sema K Sgaier, Mariam Claeson, Charles Gilks, Banadakoppa M Ramesh,  Peter D Ghys, Alkesh Wadhwani, Aparajita Ramakrishnan, Annie Tangri, Chandramouli K     Sex Transm Infect   doi:10.1136/sextrans-2011-050382

Ecological analysis of the association between high-risk population parameters and HIV prevalence among pregnant women enrolled in sentinel surveillance in four Southern India states

Alary M, Jayachandran AA, Lowndes CM, Bradley J, Demers E, Adhikary R, Mainkar MK   Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Feb;86 Suppl 1:i10-6.     doi: 10.1136/sti.2009.038323

Male migrants' non-spousal sexual partnerships in the place of origin: an in-depth investigation in two rural settings of India

Deepika Ganju a , Bidhubhusan Mahapatra a & Niranjan Saggurti   Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care, 15:3, 341-357

The association between adolescent entry into the trucking industry and risk of HIV among long-distance truck drivers in India

Mishra RM, Dube M, Saggurti N, Pandey A,  Mahapatra B, Ramesh S    HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care 2012:4 141–148

Anal sex and associated HIV-related sexual risk factors among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

Rajesh Kumar Patra, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Dolly Kovvali, Laxminarayana Proddutoor and Niranjan Saggurti    Sexual Health 9(5) 430-437 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH11155

Relationship between mobility, violence and HIV/STI among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

Sowmya Ramesh, Deepika Ganju, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Ram Manohar Mishra and Niranjan Saggurti     BMC Public Health 2012, 12:764

Evaluating AVAHAN’s design, implementation and impact: lessons learned for the HIV Prevention Community

Marie Laga and Bea Vuylsteke     BMC Public Health. 2011; 11(Suppl 6): S16

Evaluation design for large-scale HIV prevention programmes: the case of Avahan, the India AIDS initiative

Chandrasekaran P, Dallabetta G, Loo V, Mills S, Saidel T, Adhikary R, Alary M, Lowndes CM, Boily MC, Moore J; Avahan Evaluation Partners AIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S1-15. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343760.70078.89

Evaluation of HIV prevention programmes: the case of Avahan

Stefano M Bertozzi, Nancy Padian, Tyler E Martz    Sex Transm Infect February 2010 Vol 86 No 1 Suppl 1

Evaluation of the Avahan HIV prevention initiative in India

BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):I1   Lalit Dandona, Eric G. Benotsch

Experience of violence and adverse reproductive health outcomes, HIV risks among mobile female sex workers in India

Suvakanta N Swain, Niranjan Saggurti, Madhusudana Battala, Ravi K Verma and Anrudh K Jain     BMC Public Health 2011, 11:357

Exploring dynamics of anal sex among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh

Tucker S, Krishna R, Prabhakar P, Panyam S, Anand P Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2012 Jan;33(1):9-15    doi: 10.4103/0253-7184.93787.

Factors associated with history of drug use among female sex workers (FSW) in a high HIV prevalence state of India

Gajendra K Medhi, Jagadish Mahanta, Michelle Kermode, Ramesh S Paranjape, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Sanjib K Phukan and P Ngully        BMC Public Health 2012, 12:273    doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-273

Factors associated with awareness and utilisation of a community mobilisation intervention for female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

Kim M Blankenship, Rebekah Burroway, Elizabeth Reed        Sex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i69ei75  doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038653

Factors associated with HIV among female sex workers in a high HIV prevalent state of India

Medhi GK, Mahanta J, Paranjape RS, Adhikary R, Laskar N, Ngully P   AIDS Care. 2012;24(3):369-76. doi:      10.1080/09540121.2011.608787. Epub 2011 Sep 9

Factors Associated with Sexual Violence against Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgendered Individuals in Karnataka, India

Souradet Y. Shaw, Robert R. Lorway, Kathleen N. Deering, Lisa Avery, H. L. Mohan,Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sushena Reza-Paul, Shajy Isac, Banadakoppa M. Ramesh, Reynold Washington, Stephen Moses, James F. Blanchard        PLoS ONE 7(3): e31705.    doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031705

Conversation and compliance: role of interpersonal discussion and social norms in public communication campaigns

Frank LB, Chatterjee JS, Chaudhuri ST, Lapsansky C, Bhanot A, Murphy ST   J Health Commun.    2012;17(9):1050-67      doi: 10.1080/10810730.2012.665426. Epub 2012 Jul 18

From individuals to complex systems: exploring the sexual networks of men who have sex with men in three cities of Karnataka, India

Lorway R, Shaw SY, Hwang SD, Reza-Paul S, Pasha A, Wylie JL, Moses S, Blanchard JF     Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Dec;86 Suppl 3:iii70-78. doi: 10.1136/sti.2010.044909

From individuals to complex systems: exploring the sexual networks of men who have sex with men in three cities of Karnataka, India

Lorway R, Shaw SY, Hwang SD, Reza-Paul S, Pasha A, Wylie JL, Moses S, Blanchard JF    Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Dec;86 Suppl 3:iii70-78. doi: 10.1136/sti.2010.044909

How effective is community mobilisation in HIV prevention among highly diverse sex workers in urban settings? The Aastha intervention experience in Mumbai and Thane districts, India

Sanjeev Singh Gaikwad, Amrita Bhende, Gaurav Nidhi, Niranjan Saggurti, Virupax Ranebennur      J Epidemiol Community Health (2012).   doi:10.1136/jech-2011-200514

Risk reduction and perceived collective efficacy and community support among female sex workers in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India: the importance of context

Guha M, Baschieri A, Bharat S, Bhatnagar T, Sane SS, Godbole SV, S SP, Mainkar MK, Williams J, Collumbien M     J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Oct;66 Suppl 2:ii55-61   doi: 10.1136/jech-2011-200562. Epub 2012 Jul 3

Harsh realities: Reasons for women's involvement in sex work in India

Niranjan Saggurti, Shagun Sabarwal, Ravi K. Verma, Shiva S. Halli and Anrudh K. Jain    Journal of AIDS and HIV Research Vol. 3(9), pp. 172-179, 15 September, 2011

Heading towards the Safer Highways: an assessment of the Avahan prevention programme among long distance truck drivers in India

Arvind Pandey, Ram Manohar Mishra, Damodar Sahu, Sudhir Kumar Benara, Uttpal Sengupta, Ramesh S Paranjape, Abhishek Gautam, Satya Ranjan Lenka, Rajatshurva Adhikary    BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):S15

Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic in the general population of Karnataka state, south India

Pradeep Banandur, Subramanian Potty Rajaram, Sangameshwar B Mahagaonkar, Janet Bradley, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, Reynold G Washington, James F Blanchard, Stephen Moses, Catherine M Lowndes, Michel Alary    BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):S13

Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Boily MC, Baggaley RF, Wang L, Masse B, White RG, Hayes RJ, Alary M   Lancet Infect Dis. 2009 Feb;9(2):118-29. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(09)70021-0

High-risk sex among mobile female sex workers in the context of jatras (religious festivals) in Karnataka, India

Halli SS, Buzdugan R, Moses S, Blanchard J, Jain A, Verma R, Saggurti N  Int J STD AIDS. 2010 Nov;21(11):746-51. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2010.010192

HIV risk behaviours among contracted and non-contracted male migrant workers

Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh Jain, Saumya RamaRao,K. Anil Kumar, Anjaneyalu Subbiah, Hamini Reddy Modugu, Shiva Halli and Shalini BharatAIDS 2008, 22 (suppl 5):S127–S136

HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse: systematic review, meta-analysis and implications for HIV prevention

Baggaley RF, White RG, Boily MCInt J Epidemiol. 2010 Aug;39(4):1048-63. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyq057. Epub 2010 Apr 20

HIV, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour of male clients of female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India: results of a cross-sectional survey

Subramanian T, Gupte MD, Paranjape RS, Brahmam GN, Ramakrishnan L, Adhikary R, Kangusamy B, Thomas BE, Kallam S, Girish CP; IBBA Study TeamAIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S69-79. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343765.00573.ce

Impact of an intensive HIV prevention programme for female sex workers on HIV prevalence among antenatal clinic attenders in Karnataka state, south India: an ecological analysis

Moses S, Ramesh BM, Nagelkerke NJ, Khera A, Isac S, Bhattacharjee P, Gurnani V, Washington R, Prakash KH, Pradeep BS, Blanchard JFAIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S101-8. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343768.85325.92

Increases in self-reported consistent condom use among male clients of female sex workers following exposure to an integrated behaviour change programme in four states in southern India

Varja Lipovsek, Amajit Mukherjee, Deepa Navin, Pritpal Marjara, Aseem Sharma, Kali Prosad RoySex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i25ei32. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038497

Injecting and sexual risk behaviours, sexually transmitted infections and HIV prevalence in injecting drug users in three states in India

Jagadish Mahanta, Gajendra Kumar Medhi, Ramesh S. Paranjape, Nandan Roy, Anjalee Kohli, Brogen Akoijam S, Bernice Dzuvichu, Hiranya Kumar Das, Prabuddhagopal Goswami, Gay Thongamba, for the IBBA study teamAIDS 2008, 22 (suppl 5):S59–S68

Integrated Behavioural and Biological Assessment—National Highways: Survey Methodology and Implementation

Arvind Pandey, D Sahu, R M Mishra, D K Joshi, S K Benara, U Sengupta, Nandini Roy, R Adhikary, D Pardeshi Demography India 01/2008; 37:77-90

Community mobilisation: myths and challenges

Smarajit JanaJ Epidemiol Community Health (2012). doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201573

Large-scale public-private partnership for improving TB-HIV services for high-risk groups in India

Kane S, Dewan PK, Gupta D, Wi T, Das A, Singh A, Bitra G, Chauhan LS, Dallabetta Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010 Aug;14(8):1066-8

Large-scale STI services in Avahan improve utilization and treatment seeking behaviour

Anup Gurung, Prakash Narayanan, Parimi Prabhakar, Anjana Das, Virupax Ranebennur, Saroj Tucker, Laxmi Narayana, Radha R, K Prakash, J Touthang, Collins Z Sono, Teodora Wi, Guy Morineau, Graham NeilsenBMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):S10

Long-term follow up of clients from a community-based opioid substitution therapy programme in Manipur

Michelle Kermode, Gregory Armstrong, and Surmick WaribamIndian J Med Res. 2011 November; 134(5): 732–734. doi: 10.4103/0971-5916.91014

Lot quality assurance sampling for monitoring coverage and quality of a targeted condom social marketing programme in traditional and non-traditional outlets in India

Bram Piot, Amajit Mukherjee, Deepa Navin, Nattu Krishnan, Ashish Bhardwaj, Vivek Sharma, Pritpal Marjara Sex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i56ei61. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038356

Assessment of intervention outcome in the absence of baseline data: ‘reconstruction’ of condom use time trends using retrospective analysis of survey data

C M Lowndes, M Alary, S Verma, E Demers, J Bradley, A A Jayachandran, B M Ramesh, S Moses, R Adhikary, M K Mainkar Sex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i49ei55. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038802

Motivations for entry into sex work and HIV risk among mobile female sex workers in India

Saggurti N, Verma RK, Halli SS, Swain SN, Singh R, Modugu HR, Ramarao S, Mahapatra B, Jain AK J Biosoc Sci. 2011 Sep;43(5):535-54. doi: 10.1017/S0021932011000277. Epub 2011 Jun 10

Men who have sex with men and women in Bangalore, South India, and potential impact on the HIV epidemic

Phillips AE, Lowndes CM, Boily MC, Garnett GP, Gurav K, Ramesh BM, Anthony J, Moses S, Alary MSex Transm Infect. 2010 Jun;86(3):187-92. doi: 10.1136/sti.2009.038216.

Monitoring community mobilisation and organisational capacity among high-risk groups in a large-scale HIV prevention programme in India: selected findings using a Community Ownership and Preparedness Index

Narayanan P, Moulasha K, Wheeler T, Baer J, Bharadwaj S, Ramanathan TV, Thomas T J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Oct;66 Suppl 2:ii34-41. doi: 10.1136/jech-2012-201065. Epub 2012 Jul 5

Opioid substitution therapy in manipur and nagaland, north-east india: operational research in action

Gregory Armstrong, Michelle Kermode, Charan Sharma, Biangtung Langkham, Nick CroftsHarm Reduction Journal 2010, 7:29

Interim modelling analysis to validate reported increases in condom use and assess HIV infections averted among female sex workers and clients in southern India following a targeted HIV prevention programme

Michael Pickles, Anna M Foss, Peter Vickerman, et al.Sex Transm Infect 2010;86:i33-i43 doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038950

Prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among clients of female sex workers in Karnataka, India: a cross-sectional study

Souradet Y Shaw, Kathleen N Deering, Sushena Reza-Paul, Shajy Isac, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, Reynold Washington, Stephen Moses, James F Blanchard BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):S4

Prevalence and Assessment of ClinicalManagement of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Female SexWorkers in Two Cities of India

A. Das, P. Prabhakar, P. Narayanan, G. Neilsen, T.Wi, S. Kumta, G. Rao,R. Gangakhedkar, and A. Risbud Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology; Volume 2011, Article ID 494769, 8 pages; doi:10.1155/2011/494769

Programme coverage, condom use and STI treatment among FSWs in a large-scale HIV prevention programme: results from cross-sectional surveys in 22 districts in southern India

Lakshmi Ramakrishnan, Abhishek Gautam, Prabuddhagopal Goswami, Srinivasan Kallam, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Mandar K Mainkar, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, Guy Morineau, Bitra George, Ramesh S ParanjapeSex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i62ei68. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038760

Pursuing scale and quality in STI interventions with sex workers: initial results from Avahan India AIDS Initiative

R Steen, V Mogasale, T Wi, A K Singh, A Das, C Daly, B George, G Neilsen, V Loo, and G DallabettaSex Transm Infect. 2006 October; 82(5): 381–385

Quality assurance and quality improvement using supportive supervision in a large-scale STI

Vittal Mogasale, Teodora C Wi, Anjana Das, Sumit Kane, Aman Kumar Singh, Bitra George, Richard SteenSex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i83ei88. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038364

Recreating the impact of interventions in the absence of baseline data: challenges for intervention programmes

Jonathan M ZenilmanSex Transm Infect February 2010 Vol 86 No 1 Suppl 1

Relationship between reported prior condom use and current self-perceived risk of acquiring HIV among mobile female sex workers in southern India

Anrudh K Jain, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Mary Philip Sebastian, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Shiva S Halli, Ravi K VermaBMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):S5

Risk behaviour, sexually transmitted infections and HIV among long-distance truck drivers: a cross-sectional survey along national highways in India

Arvind Pandey, Sudhir Kumar Benara, Nandini Roy, Damodar Sahu, Mariamma Thomas, Dhirendra Kumar Joshia, Utpal Sengupta, Ramesh S. Paranjape, Aparajita Bhalla and Ajay Prakash, for the IBBA Study Team AIDS, 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S81-90. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343766.00573.15

Scale-up and coverage of Avahan: a large-scale HIVprevention programme among female sex workers and men who have sex with men in four Indian states

Ruchi Verma, Abhijeet Shekhar, Sharmistha Khobragade, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Bitra George, Banadalkoppa M Ramesh, Virupax Ranebennur, Sudipta Mondal, Rajesh Kumar Patra, Sandhya Srinivasan, A Vijayaraman,6 Sushena Reza Paul, Nabesh Bohidar Sex Transm Infect 2010;86(Suppl 1):i76ei82. doi:10.1136/sti.2009.039115

Setting new standards for targeted HIV prevention: the Avahan initiative in India

Peter PiotSex Transm Infect February 2010 Vol 86 No 1 Suppl 1

Evaluating large-scale HIV prevention interventions: study design for an integrated mathematical modelling approach

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Sex work, syphilis, and seeking treatment: an opportunity for intervention in HIV prevention programming in Karnataka, South India

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Syphilis screening among female sex workers in Bangalore, India: comparison of point-of-care testing and traditional serological approaches

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Tackling HIV in India: evidence-based priority setting and programming

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Targeted interventions of the Avahan program and their association with intermediate outcomes among female sex workers in Maharashtra, India

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The costs of HIV prevention for different target populations in Mumbai, Thane and Bangalore

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The effects of scale on the costs of targeted HIV prevention interventions among female and male sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgenders in India

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The Extent and Nature of Fluidity in Typologies of Female Sex Work in Southern India: Implications for HIV Prevention Programs

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The female sex work typology in India in the context of HIV⁄AIDS

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The importance of sex-worker interventions: the case of Avahan in India

Marie Laga, Christine Galavotti, Sundar Sundaramon, Rob Moodie Sex Transm Infect 2010;86:i6-i7 doi:10.1136/sti.2009.039255

Use of Rapid Ethnographic Methodology to Develop a Village-Level Rapid Assessment Tool predictive of HIV infection in rural India

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Using mathematical modelling to investigate the plausibility of attributing observed antenatal clinic declines to a female sex worker intervention in Karnataka state, India

Boily MC, Pickles M, Vickerman P, Buzdugan R, Isac S, Deering KN, Blanchard JF, Moses S, Lowndes CM, Ramesh BM, Demers E, Alary AIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S149-64. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343773.59776.5b

To what extent is the HIV epidemic in southern India driven by commercial sex? A modelling analysis

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Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program

Tara SH Beattie, Parinita Bhattacharjee, BM Ramesh, Vandana Gurnani, John Anthony, Shajy Isac, HL Mohan, Aparajita Ramakrishnan, Tisha Wheeler, Janet Bradley, James F Blanchard and Stephen MosesBMC Public Health 2010, 10:476 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-476

Violence in Contract Work Among Female Sex Workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

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What is the achievable effectiveness of the India AIDS Initiative intervention among female sex workers under target coverage? Model projections from southern India

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An integrated structural intervention to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India

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Appropriateness and execution challenges of three formal size estimation methods for high-risk populations in India

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Introduction of rapid tests for large-scale syphilis screening among female, male, and transgender sex workers in Mumbai, India

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Assessing reported condom use among female sex workers in southern India through examination of condom availability

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Assessment of attitudes and practices of providers of services for individuals at high risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Karnataka, south India

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Assessment of intervention outcome in the absence of baseline data: ‘reconstruction’ of condom use time trends using retrospective analysis of survey data

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Assessment of the scale, coverage and outcomes of the Avahan HIV prevention program for female sex workers in Tamil Nadu, India: is there evidence of an effect?

Thilakavathi S, Boopathi K, Girish Kumar CP, Santhakumar A, Senthilkumar R, Eswaramurthy C, Ilaya Bharathy V, Ramakrishnan L, Thongamba G, Adhikary R, Paranjape RBMC Public Health. 2011 Dec 29;11 Suppl 6:S3. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-S6-S3.

Assessment of self-reported sexual behavior and condom use among female sex workers in India using a polling box approach: a preliminary report

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Avahan: the transition to a publicly funded programme as a next stage

Prasada J V R Rao Sex Transm Infect. 2010 February; 86(Suppl_1): i7–i8. doi: 10.1136/sti.2009.039297

Baseline integrated behavioural and biological assessment among most at-risk populations in six high-prevalence states of India: design and implementation challenges

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Personal, interpersonal and structural challenges to accessing HIV testing, treatment and care services among female sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgenders in Karnataka state, South India

Beattie TS, Bhattacharjee P, Suresh M, Isac S, Ramesh BM, Moses S J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Oct;66 Suppl 2:ii42-48. doi: 10.1136/jech-2011-200475. Epub 2012 Apr 11

Structural stigma, sex work and HIV: contradictions and lessons learnt from a community-led structural intervention in southern India

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Challenging the stigmatization of female sex workers through a community-led structural intervention: learning from a case study of a female sex worker intervention in Andhra Pradesh, India

Blankenship KM, Biradavolu MR, Jena A, George A AIDS Care. 2010;22 Suppl 2:1629-36. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2010.516342

Using mathematical modelling to investigate the plausibility of attributing observed antenatal clinic declines to a female sex worker intervention in Karnataka state, India

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Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

Kim M. Blankenship, Monica R. Biradavolu, Asima Jena  & Annie George   AIDS Care; Volume 25, Issue 3, 2013, pages 1629-1636

Evaluation design for large-scale HIV prevention programmes: the case of Avahan, the India AIDS initiative

Chandrasekaran P, Dallabetta G, Loo V, Mills S, Saidel T, Adhikary R, Alary M, Lowndes CM, Boily MC, Moore J; Avahan Evaluation PartnersAIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S1-15. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343760.70078.89

Changes in risk behaviours and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections following HIV preventive interventions among female sex workers in five districts in Karnataka state, south India

B M Ramesh, Tara S H Beattie, Isac Shajy, Reynold Washington, Latta Jagannathan, Sushena Reza-Paul, James F Blanchard,Stephen Moses Sex Transm Infect 2010;86:i17-i24 doi:10.1136/sti.2009.038513

Changes in HIV knowledge, and socio-cultural and sexual attitudes in South India from 2003-2009.

Bradley J, Rajaram S, Moses S, Bhattacharjee P, Lobo AM, Ramesh BM, Washington R, Alary M.BMC Public Health. 2011 Dec 29;11 Suppl 6:S12. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-S6-S12.

Confronting structural violence in sex work: lessons from a community-led HIV prevention project in Mysore, India

Argento E, Reza-Paul S, Lorway R, Jain J, Bhagya M, Fathima M, Sreeram SV, Hafeezur RS, O'Neil J.AIDS Care. 2011 Jan;23(1):69-74. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2010.498868.

Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India

Sushena Reza-Paula, Tara Beattie, Hafeez Ur Rahman Syed, Koppal T. Venukumar, Mysore S. Venugopal, Mary P. Fathima, H.R. Raghavendra, Pasha Akram, Ramaiah Manjula, M. Lakshmi, Shajy Isac, Banadakoppa M. Ramesh, Reynold Washington,Sangameshwar B. Mahagaonkar, Judith R. Glynn, James F. Blanchard and Stephen Moses   AIDS 2008, 22 (suppl 5):S91–S100

Determinants of HIV prevalence among female sex workers in four south Indian states: analysis of cross-sectional surveys in twenty-three districts

Banadakoppa M. Ramesh, Stephen Moses, Reynold Washington, Shajy Isac, Bidhubhushan Mohapatra, Sangameshwar B. Mahagaonkar, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Ginnela N.V. Brahmam, Ramesh S. Paranjape, Thilakavathi Subramanian and James F. Blanchard, for the IBBA Study Team AIDS 2008, 22 (suppl 5):S35–S44

Devising a female sex work typology using data from Karnataka, India

Buzdugan R, Copas A, Moses S, Blanchard J, Isac S, Ramesh BM, Washington R, Halli SS, Cowan FMInt J Epidemiol. 2010 Apr;39(2):439-48. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyp351. Epub 2009 Dec 7

Community mobilisation for HIV prevention in India: What difference does it make?

Isabelle de Zoysa, Kevin O’Reilly J Epidemiol Community Health doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201532

Discrepancies between the self-reporting of STI preventive care and the actual care provided by male doctors to male patients in Karnataka, India

Mignone J, Washington R, Ramesh BM, Blanchard JF, Rajaretnam T, Moses S. Sex Transm Infect. 2010 Oct;86(5):391-2. doi: 10.1136/sti.2009.038851. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

Confronting structural violence in sex work: lessons from a community-led HIV prevention project in Mysore, India

Argento E, Reza-Paul S, Lorway R, Jain J, Bhagya M, Fathima M, Sreeram SV, Hafeezur RS, O'Neil J AIDS Care. 2011 Jan;23(1):69-74. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2010.498868

Condom use and prevalence of syphilis and HIV among female sex workers in Andhra

Hari Kumar Rachakulla, Venkaiah Kodavalla, Hemalatha Rajkumar, SPV Prasad, Srinivasan Kallam, Prabuddhagopal Goswami, Jayesh Dale, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Ramesh Paranjape, and GNV Brahmam BMC Public Health. 2011; 11(Suppl 6): S1.

Condom use within non-commercial partnerships of female sex workers in southern India

Kathleen N Deering, Paranita Bhattacharjee, Janet Bradley, Stephen S Moses, Kate Shannon, Souradet Y Shaw, Reynold Washington, Catherine M Lowndes, Marie-Claude Boily, Banadakoppa M Ramesh, S Rajaram, Kaveri Gurav and Michel Alary BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 6):S11

Community engagement in HIV prevention in Asia: going from ‘for the community’ to ‘by the community’—must we wait for more evidence?

Swarup Sarkar Sex Transm Infect 2010;86:i2-i3 doi:10.1136/sti.2009.039289

Concepts and strategies for scaling up focused prevention for sex workers in India

Blanchard JF, Bhattacharjee P, Kumaran S, Ramesh BM, Kumar NS, Washington RG, Moses S. Sex Transm Infect 2008;84:ii19-ii23 doi:10.1136/sti.2008.033134

Trends in HIV-1 in young adults in south India from 2000 to 2004: a prevalence study

Kumar R, Jha P, Arora P, Mony P, Bhatia P, Millson P, Dhingra N, Bhattacharya M, Remis RS, Nagelkerke N; International Studies of HIV/AIDS (ISHA) Investigators Lancet. 2006 Apr 8;367(9517):1164-72.

Training outreach workers for AIDS prevention in rural India: is it sustainable?

Sivaram S, Celentano DD. Health Policy Plan. 2003 Dec;18(4):411-20.

The third phase of HIV pandemic: social consequences of HIV/AIDS stigma & discrimination & future needs

Mawar N, Saha S, Pandit A, Mahajan U. Indian J Med Res. 2005 Dec;122(6):471-84.

The social construction of male `homosexuality' in India: implications for HIV transmission and prevention

Asthana S, Oostvogels R. Soc Sci Med. 2001 Mar;52(5):707-21.

The role of collectives in STI and HIV/AIDS prevention among female sex workers in Karnataka, India

Halli SS, Ramesh BM, O'Neil J, Moses S, Blanchard JF AIDS Care. 2006 Oct;18(7):739-49

The female sex work typology in India in the context of HIV/AIDS

Raluca Buzdugan, Shiva S. Halli, Frances M. CowanTropical Medicine and International Health, volume 14 no 6 pp 1–15 june 2009

Structural interventions in public health

Blankenship KM, Bray SJ, Merson MH. AIDS. 2000 Jun;14 Suppl 1:S11-21.

Structural interventions: concepts, challenges and opportunities for research.

Blankenship KM, Friedman SR, Dworkin S, Mantell JE.  J Urban Health. 2006 Jan;83(1):59-72.

Social development of commercial sex workers in India: an essential step in HIV/AIDS prevention.

Chattopadhyay A, McKaig RG.AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2004 Mar;18(3):159-68.

Sexual practices, HIV and sexually transmitted infections among self-identified men who have sex with men in four high HIV prevalence states of India

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Sex behaviour of men who have sex with men and risk of HIV in Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Power, community mobilization, and condom use practices among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Percentages, Process, and Patterns of HIV Disclosure Among the Spouses of HIV-Infected Men in South India.

Suhadev M, Mahadevan U, Dilip M, Suryanarayanan D, Sikhamani R, Thomas B.J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2011 Jan-Feb;10(1):26-9.

Migration and HIV transmission in rural South India: an ethnographic study.

Halli SS, Blanchard J, Satihal DG, Moses S.Cult Health Sex. 2007 Jan-Feb;9(1):85-94.

Intimate partner violence and HIV infection among married Indian women

Silverman JG, Decker MR, Saggurti N, Balaiah D, Raj A. JAMA. 2008 Aug 13;300(6):703-10. doi: 10.1001/jama.300.6.703

The impact of out-migrants and out-migration on the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a case study from south-west India.

Deering KN, Vickerman P, Moses S, Ramesh BM, Blanchard JF, Boily MC. AIDS. 2008 Dec;22 Suppl 5:S165-81. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000343774.59776.95.

Homosexual activity among rural Indian men: implications for HIV interventions

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HIV prevention programmes for female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India: outputs, cost and efficiency

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High risk of HIV in non-brothel based female sex workers in India

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High prevalence of forced sex among non-brothel based, wine shop centered sex workers in Chennai, India.

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Dhandha, dharma and disease: traditional sex work and HIV/AIDS in rural India.

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Demography and sex work characteristics of female sex workers in India

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Demographic factors and sexist beliefs as predictors of condom use among Latinos in the USA

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Declining HIV infection rates among recently married primigravid women in Pune, India.

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Costs and financial burden of care and support services to PLHA and households in South India

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Correlates and Trend of HIV Prevalence Among Female Sex Workers Attending Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics in Pune, India (1993–2002)

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Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfi nished agenda

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Alcohol Use by Men Is a Risk Factor for the Acquisition of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus From Female Sex Workers in Mumbai, India

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Alcohol Use and Sex Risk Behaviors Among HIV-Infected Female Sex Workers (FSWs) and HIV-Infected Male Clients of FSWs in India

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Community advocacy groups as a means to address the social environment of female sex workers: a case study in Andhra Pradesh, India

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Navigating the swampy lowland: a framework forevaluating the effect of community mobilisation in female sex workers in Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative

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Community mobilisation for HIV prevention in India: What difference does it make?

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Learning about scale, measurement and community mobilisation: reflections on the implementation of the Avahan HIV/AIDS initiative in India

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Community mobilisation programme for female sex workers in coastal Andhra Pradesh, India: processes and their effects

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Spatial modeling of HIV prevalence among the clients of female sex workers in Tamil Nadu, south India

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Sexual activity as risk factor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission among the female sex workers in Nagaland

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Recruitment of at-risk population through network based sampling: experiences from Maharashtra IBBA Round-I survey

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Index based mapping of high risk behaviours for HIV among female sex workers in India

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Factors associated with ever HIV testing among injecting drug users (IDUs) in two HIV high prevalent States of India

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An exploratory analysis of spatial mobility of injection drug usersin the northeast region of India

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Heterosexual risk behaviour among long distance truck drivers in India: Role of marital status

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Psychosocial Correlates of HIV-related Sexual Risk Factors among Male Clients in Southern India

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Balancing community mobilisation and measurement needs in the evaluation of targeted interventions for HIV prevention

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HIV Risk Behaviors among Female Sex Workers Using Cell Phone for Client Solicitation in India

Mahapatra B, Saggurti N, Halli SS , Jain AK (2012) J AIDS Clinic Res S1:014. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.S1-014

Risk behavior, STI and HIV among long-distance truck drivers: a cross-sectional survey along India’s national highways

Pandey A, Benara SK, Roy N, et al.AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S81-S90.

HIV, STIs and Sexual Behaviour of Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India – results of a cross sectional survey

Subramanian T, Gupte MD, Paranjape RS, et al.AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S69-S79.

Injecting and sexual risk behaviors, STI and HIV prevalence in injecting drug users in three states in India

Mahanta J, Medhi GK, Paranjape RS, et al.AIDS. 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S59-S68.

Sexual practices, HIV and STIs among self-identified men who have sex with men in four high HIV prevalence states of India

GNV Brahman, Kodali V, Rajkumar H, et al.AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S45-S57.

Determinants of HIV prevalence among female sex workers in four south Indian states: analysis of cross-sectional surveys in 23 districts

Ramesh BM, Moses S, Washington R, et al.AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S35-S44.

Baseline Integrated Behavioral and Biological Assessment (IBBA) Among Most at Risk Key Populations in Six High Prevalence States of India: Design and Implementation Challenges

Saidel T, Adhikary R, Mainker M, et al.AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S17–S34.

Evaluation Design for Large Scale HIV Prevention Programs: the case of Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative

Chandrasekaran P, Dallabetta G, Loo V, et al.AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S1-S15.

Concepts and strategies for scaling up focused prevention for sex workers in India

Blanchard JF, Bhattacharjee P, Kumaran S, Ramesh BM, Kumar NS, Washington RG, Moses S. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2008; 84:ii19-ii23.

Response to: How much does heterosexual commercial sex contribute to India’s AIDS epidemic? (PDF)

Blanchard J, Moses S, Rao S, et al. Int J AIDS and STI 2007; 18: 359-360.

Evaluating large-scale HIV preventive interventions: study design for an integrated mathematical approach (Abstract)

Boily M-C, Lowndes CM, Vickerman P, et al. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2007; 83:582-589.

Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfinished agenda

Chandrasekaran P, Dallabetta G, Loo V, Rao S, Gayle H, Alexander A. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2006; 6: 508 – 521.

HIV And STIs In Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India: A General Population Study. CHARME Working Paper No. 18, December 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of one aspect of the CHARME portfolio of work: the general population survey (GPS) carried out in the Bagalkot district, Karnataka in 2009. ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Sexual Behaviour And HIV Risk In Men Who Have Sex With Men In Mysore , Karnataka State. CHARME Working Paper No.17, October 2010, CHARME Project , Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of srudy conducted in Mysore among men who have sex with men to examine the sexual behaviors and HIV risk. ​  ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Programme Exposure And Sexual Behaviour Among Female Sex Workers In Mysore District, Karnataka State. CHARME Working Paper No.16, October 2010, CHARME Project , Bangalore, India

This Paper presents results of the study conducted among female sex workers in Mumbai to examine sex work characteristics, condom use and sexual behaviours with regular partners and clients, alcohol and drug use, and knowledge and use of the HIV prevention programme’s services.​ ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Men Who Have Sex With Men In Mumbai City Maharashtra: Sexual Behavior And Programme Exposure. CHARME Working Paper No. 15, August 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of the survey conducted among men who have sex with men in Mumbai city of Maharashtra State.​  ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Men Who Have Sex With Men In Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh: Sexual Behaviour And Programme Exposure. CHARME Working Paper No. 14, July 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This paper presents reults of a research study conducted among Men who have sex with men in Guntur district of Andhra pradesh State.​  ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

A Comparison Of Programme Exposure And Sexual Behaviours Between Street And Brothel Based Female Sex Workers In Mumbai, Maharashtra State. CHARME Working Paper No.13, June 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of the quantitative SBS study that was carried out separately for street-based and brothel-based FSWs in Mumbai district from August to October to examine sex work characteristics, condom use, and sexual behaviours with regular partners and clients, alcohol and drug use, and knowledge and use of the HIV prevention programme’sservices.​ ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Programme Exposure, Condom Use, And Sexual Behaviour In Female Sex Workers, Bellary District, Karnataka State. CHARME Working Paper No..12, May 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents results of quantitative study conducted in Bellary district of Karnataka state to examine sex work characteristics, condom use and sexual behaviours with regular partners and clients, alcohol and drug use, and knowledge and use of the HIV prevention programme services.​ ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Programme Exposure, Sexual Mixing And Alcohol Use Among Female Sex Workers In Belgaum District, Karnataka state. CHARME Working Paper No.11, April 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents results of quantitative study was conducted to examine sex work characteristics, condom use and sexual behaviours with regular partners and clients, alcohol and drug use, and knowledge and use of the HIV prevention programme’s services.Source Courtesy: KHPT

Programme Exposure, Condom Use, And Alcohol Use Among Female Sex Workers In Urban Bangalore, Karnataka State. CHARME Working Paper No.10, April 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of quantitative study conducted to examine sex work characteristics, condom use and sexual behaviours with regular partners and clients, alcohol and drug use, and knowledge and use of the HIV prevention programme’s services.​ ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Programme Exposure, Sexual Mixing, Condom Use And Anal Sex Among Female Sex Workers In Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh”, CHARME Working Paper no.9, April 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This quantitative study was conducted with FSWs in Guntur district in January 2007 to examine sex work characteristics, condom use and sexual behaviours with regular partners and clients, alcohol and drug use, and knowledge and use of the HIV prevention programme’s services.​ ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

HIV Risk and Vulnerability in Female Sex Workers in Mumbai, Reflections From The Field. CHARME Working Paper no.8, April 2010, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This paper describes the HIV risk and vulnerability of female sex workers in Mumbai. It describes behaviours and practices with different commercial and non-commercial partners and sex worker’s perceptions of HIV prevention interventions.​  ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Sexual Behaviour and HIV Risk Among Men Who Have Sex With Men, and Transgendered Individuals in Bangalore, India. CHARME Working Paper no.7, December 2009, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This is a report from the special behavioural survey conducted by KHPT and Sangama on men who have sex with men and transgenders in Bangalore, India.​  ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT, Snagama

A comparison of female sex work, condom use and exposure to programme interventions in 3 Indian districts. CHARME Working Paper no.6, November 2009, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

The paper assesses the differentiating risk factors with regard to socio-demographic characteristics and sex work patterns, as well as determining the variations in condom use with different partner types and exposure to the Avahan interventions among the districts of Guntur, Mysore, and Mumbai. ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

The Evolution of Female Sex Work in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh: A Qualitative Study of HIV-related Issues. CHARME Working Paper no.5, October 2009, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of a qualitative study on HIV related issues related to female sex workers.  ​​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Sexual and gender relations and their influence on the risk of HIV transmission in south India. Testimonies from clients of sex workers. CHARME Working Paper no.4, August 2009, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report seeks to contribute to the understanding of the transmission of HIV in south India. It is the summary of a study undertaken as part of a Masters project from the University of Laval, Québec..​ ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

HIV and STIs in Bellary district, Karnataka, India. A general population survey. CHARME Working Paper no.3, June 2008, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of one aspect of the CHARME portfolio of work: the general population survey (GPS) carried out in the Bellary district of Karnataka.​  ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

HIV and STIs in Mysore district, Karnataka, India. A general population survey. CHARME Working Paper no.2, November 2008, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report presents the results of one aspect of the CHARME portfolio of work: the general population survey (GPS) carried out in the Mysore district, Karnataka.​  ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

HIV and STIs in Belgaum district, Karnataka, India. A general population survey. CHARME Working Paper no.1, June 2008, CHARME Project, Bangalore, India

This report present results of one aspect of the CHARME portfolio of work: the general population survey (GPS) carried out in the Belgaum district, Karnataka in 2007. ​Source Courtesy: KHPT

Patterns of Migration/Mobility and HIV risk Among Female Sex Workers, Andhra Pradesh

The migration/mobility of female sex workers in search of more clients and more money has been recognized as a challenge in HIV prevention interventions in India. This book describes the patterns and factors related to migration and mobility of female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh. ​  ​Source Courtesy: Population Council

Behaviour Change Communication: A Reference Module

This document describes the behaviour change communication strategy implemented by Swagati project in Andhra Pradesh.​  ​  ​​Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Sheesh! The Way To Be

This monograph describes the Sheesh campaign implemented in seven coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh. Sheesh campaign is an integral part of behaviour change communication component of Nestum project for MSM.  ​  ​​Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Capacity Building Toolkit on Organizational Management–Module I

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at building the skills of Female Sex Workers to strengthen and manage their organization.

Development and Management of Social Change Agents

This document is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims to providing a framework for the development and management of Social Change Agents.

Provider Referal Clinic-Swagati Project

This monograph describes the provider referal clinic model implemented by Swagati project of HLFPPT for mainstreaming target population to the regular health care system.​ ​​Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Sexual Behaviour of Female Sex Workers in Coastal Andhra Pradesh

This book throws light into the sexual behaviour of female sex workers, ​their risk perceptions and a comparitive account of risk and treatment seeking behaviour of MSM belonging to different risk groups. ​​Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Patterns of Migration/Mobility and HIV Risk Among Female Sex Workers, Karnataka

The migration/mobility of female sex workers in search of more clients and more money has been recognized as a challenge in HIV prevention interventions in India. This book describes the patterns and factors related to migration and mobility of female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh. ​ ​ ​ Source Courtesy: Population Council

Sexual Behaviour of Men Having Sex With Men in Coastal AP

This book throws light into the sexual behaviour of MSM community​, their risk perceptions and a comparitive account of risk and treatment seeking behaviour of MSM belonging to different risk groups. ​ ​ ​ Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

New Dimensions to HIV/AIDS Programming in Aastha II

This monograph has three sections: Section I: The first section highlights an enhanced outreach service delivery package on the basis of risk based segmentation.Section II: The second section captures the Aastha innovation of an integrated positive prevention approach comprising regular HIV testing.Section III: The third section focuses on developing self help groups as community-led units of intervention.Source Courtesy: FHI 360

At the top of the ladder

In this monograph Aastha showcases, some of the community leaders who have gone beyond gaining certain social status among their peers and have given back a healthy and dignified existence to their community. ‘At the top of the ladder’ also showcases the process by which male, female and transgender sex workers have begun to realize the power of collective identity and bargaining power, in and through the Aastha Parivaar.

When it’s needed, where it’s needed: A secondary needle, syringe and condom distribution programme in Manipur and Nagaland

Project ORCHID and the Northeast India Knowledge Network collaborated to produce this document. It describes the secondary distribution programme which aims to promote easier access to condoms and sterile injecting equipment for vulnerable and hard-to-reach groups in remote and rural settings. ​ ​ ​ Source Courtesy: Project ORCHID

Aastha Continuous Quality Approach, Cyclical Quality Improvement for Prevention Interventions with High Risk Groups

This document captures the Aastha Continuous Quality Approach (ACQUA), a philosophy which is based on the constant endeavor of the project to innovate, achieve existing goals, relook the existing strategies with a magnifier and strengthen the process further by constantly improvising to suit project needs. ​ ​ ​ Source Courtesy: FHI 360

Assessing The Patterns And Drivers Of Migration/Mobility Of Sex-Workers And Male Migrant Workers On The Move And Examining The Links With HIV Risk

Source Courtesy: Population Council

STI best practices for MSM: Discovering the Hidden Population that is Key to Controlling STlsand HIV in India

Source Courtesy: PSI

Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Maharashtra, India

Source Courtesy: Population Council

Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Karnataka, India

Source Courtesy: Population Council

Can Microfinance Programs Reduce HIV Risk in Developing Countries?

Source Courtesy: CIRA

Clinic Operational Guidelines and Standards

Source Courtesy: FHI

Patterns of Male Migration in Andhra Pradesh and Implications for HIV

Prevention Strategies:A Census Analysis ​ ​ ​  Source Courtesy: Population Council

Standard Operating Procedures: Home Based Sex Workers Aastha I: An STI/HIV Prevention Program with Sex Workers in Mumbai and Thane, India

This publication was produced in 2010 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Courtesy: FHI 360

Standard Operating Procedures: Male Sex Workers Aastha I: An STI/HIV Prevention Program with Sex Workers in Mumbai and Thane, India

This publication was produced in 2010 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Courtesy: FHI 360

Standard Operating Procedures: Aastha I: An STI/HIV Prevention Program with Sex Workers in Mumbai and Thane, India

This interactive PDF was published in 2010 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Courtesy: FHI 360

At the top of the ladder: Community leaders can truly lead programs

This publication was produced in 2011 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Courtesy: FHI 360

New Dimensions to HIV/AIDS Programming in Aastha II

This interactive PDF was published in 2011 by the Aastha II project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.  Courtesy: FHI 360

Aastha Continuous Quality Approach: Cyclical Quality Improvement for Prevention Interventions with High Risk Groups

This interactive PDF was published in 2011 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This document captures the Aastha Continuous Quality Approach (ACQUA), a philosophy which is based on the constant endeavor of the project to innovate, achieve existing goals, re-examine the existing strategies with a magnifier and strengthen the process further by constantly improvising to suit project needs.  Courtesy: FHI 360

CBO Management Committee Training Manual Series: Basic & Advanced

Community mobilization and empowerment have been the foundation of the Aastha project since its inception. This series of community-based organization (CBO) management committee training manuals has been developed to equip CBO members to undertake their roles and responsibilities as stated in their bylaws. The basic training manual outlines the initial skills and work ethics required to form a CBO, including leadership and management. The advanced training manual outlines specialized administrative and financial processes, public speaking, networking, advocacy and employment generation.Courtesy: FHI 360

Peer Educator Advanced Training Manual

This interactive PDF was published in 2010 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Courtesy: FHI 360

Training Manual for Community Development Officers

This manual aims to enhance capacities of Community Development Officers to bring together key population groups and democratically form community-based organizations to effectively promote the access and uptake of Aastha project activities by all registered active key populations.   Courtesy: FHI 360

Strategic Behavior Communication Materal: User and Technical Manual

This manual in HTML format was published in 2010 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Courtesy: FHI 360

Outreach Workers Supportive Supervision Training Manual

This interactive manual was published in 2008 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.Courtesy: FHI 360

Peer Educator Intermediate Training Manual

This manual in HTML format was published in 2009 by the Aastha project, under the India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.   Courtesy: FHI 360

Outreach Workers Basic Training Manual

This training manual was developed to enhance capacities of outreach workers (ORWs) to effectively provide Aastha project activities to all registered active key populations. Courtesy: FHI 360

Saath Saath: Peer Educators Basic Training Manual

ThIs manual aims to enhance capacities of peer educators (PEs) to effectively provide Aastha project activities to all registered active key populations. It is intended to help PEs work together with outreach workers (ORWs) to meet the project's goals. Courtesy: FHI 360

Reworking Power Equation-IDU

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at understanding and focusing on the power relations that influence behavior and practice of injecting drug users and ways of changing them.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Reworking power equations: a capacity building toolkit for FSW

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at understanding and focusing on the power relations that mediate behavior and practice of female sex workers and ways of changing them.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Programme micro planning and monitoring tools guide to community involvement in planning and monitoring (module 2)

This module introduces a set of tools which would helpthe outreach staff to improve their understanding of the situation, analyse the reasons for gaps, and plan for action more effectively with the help of the community.​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: KHPT

Planning with the Community module 1:guide to community involvement in planning and monitoring sex work programmes

This training guide is designed to build skills of grass-root workers/peers, including community outreach workers and NGO staff. It will also serve as a resource for conducting spot-wise analysis and for planning evidence based outreach.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: KHPT

Capacity building toolkit for peer educators working with FSWs: HIV prevention using the CLSI approach

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at building capacities of peer educators working with FSWs.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Capacity building toolkit for attitudinal adjustment: for NGO workers working with FSWs

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at understanding and focusing on the perception and attitudes of NGO teams who work with female sex workers.​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Capacity building toolkit for attitudinal adjustment: for NGO workers working with IDUs

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at understanding and focusing on the perception and attitudes of NGO teams who work with injecting drug users. ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Focused prevention programme: a training manual

This manual provides programme planners, managers, community outreach workers, peer leaders and others with the framework that will enable them to understand ways in which they can promote outreach programmes, STI management and communication skills in order to reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: KHPT

Capacity Building Toolkit for Enhancing Self-Esteem: For Female Sex Workers

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at enhancing the self esteem of female sex workers for living a life of dignity and security.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Capacity building toolkit on organizational management–module II: for female sex workers in community based organizations

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at building the skills of Female Sex Workers to strengthen and manage their organization.​ ​  ​  ​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Building Perspectives in STI, HIV & AIDS: Participants Notes for District AIDS Committee Members

This guide is designed to provide District AIDS Committee Members and understanding about STI, HIV and AIDS, attitudes, sex work and other their role in ensuring district programs.​  ​  ​  ​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: KHPT

Building Perspectives in STI, HIV & AIDS: A Training Manual for District AIDS Committee Members

This guide is designed to provide facilitators/trainers to train District AIDS Committee Members about STI, HIV and AIDS, attitudes, sex work and other their role in ensuring district programs.​  ​  ​  ​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: KHPT

Building Perspectives in STI/HIV/AIDS, Sex Work and the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act

This guide is designed to provide facilitators/trainers to train Police Personnel about STI, HIV and AIDS, attitudes, sex work and ITPA.​  ​  ​  ​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: KHPT

Capacity Building Toolkit for Attitudinal Adjustment: for FSWs and CBO Members

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at understanding and focusing on the perception and attitudes of female sex workers towards themselves​ ​  ​  ​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

SAHAYA: a TOT module on accounting procedures for CBOs

This is a training module for resource persons and practitioners on financial accounting principles and practices which ensures transparency and accountability in the governance of CBOs.​  ​  ​  ​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

MIS flip book

This flip book provides details of the monitoring and evaluation process of Swagati Project.​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Module on legal issues

This is a training guide on legal issues. It incorporates a variety of instructional strategies to interest and involve trainees.​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Satkruti CBOs- A journey from unorganized to organized

This booklet gives a profound uinderstanding how the CBOs operate and ascertain their position as competent institutions to transform themselves from mere community based organizations into project implementing agencies (Telugu).​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Counselor Training module II

In this module we will be dealing with group and individual counseling, problem solving and decision making, goal setting, coping with change, assertiveness, and case management.​ ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Satkruti CBO module

This booklet gives a profound understanding how the CBOs operate and ascertain their positions as competent institutions to transform themselves from mere community based organizations into project implementing agencies.​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Behavior change communication- a reference module

This module serves as a guideline for the field level communication coordinator, out reach coordinator, community based communication facilitators and community guides to undertake an effective behavior change communication at the ground level.​  ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: ​ HLFPPT

Capacity building toolkit on organizational management–module I

This is part of a series of documents aimed at supporting communities and NGOs to design and implement better quality of interventions. This document aims at building the skills of Female Sex Workers to strengthen and manage their organization. ​​  ​  Source Courtesy: CARE

Fighting an evil: A training manual on anti-trafficking

The aim of the training module is to brief about the various angles behind the menace of trafficking, the circumstances that encourage them, statistics, results. Source Courtesy: HLFPPT

Integrated Behavioral and Biological Assessment: Guidelines for Surveys of Populations at Risk of HIV Infection

This manual is intended to be used by those who wish to carry out similar studies in India and elsewhere. It is operational in nature, without a heavy burden of theoretical and technical information. ​ ​ ​ Source Courtesy: FHI

Peer Educator Intermediate Training Manual

This manual provides a quick reference to the principles and processes of interpersonal communication and micro planning skills. It is intended to help PEs work together with the ORWs to provide the best possible services for the KP.​ ​ ​ ​Source Courtesy: FHI

Standard operating procedures-Aastha I: An STI/HIV Prevention Program With Sex Workers in Mumbai​ ​and Thane, India

The Standard Operating Procedures in this document provide detailed steps for every program aspect of the project, providing the reader with the context for the development of the strategy/activity as well as the structure, individual responsibilities and monitoring plan.​ ​ ​ ​Source Courtesy: FHI

The Guidelines and Standards for Counseling High-Risk Groups in Clinic Settings

Effective STI control among vulnerable key populations is an important strategy to reduce HIV transmission. This document, defines the guidelines and minimum standards for counseling services provided in Avahan-supported clinics. ​ ​Source Courtesy: FHI

User and Technical Manual for Aastha Strategic behaviour Communication Material

The Aastha SBC material is an interactive material designed for effective STI/HIV prevention. This manual will guide the PEs, step by step, while conducting the SBC sessions. Source Courtesy: FHI
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